making and using copies

no additions or alterations

For most of the scores that we sell, no addition or alteration of content is permitted.

All the original page content, including the purchase stamp and copyright information, must be included in all copies, both electronic and paper.

For some scores that we sell some alteration of text content is permitted. The extent is clearly stated in the score.

scores that have pages facing each other

Some of our scores that have 2 or more pages are intended to be used with certain pages facing each other.

That’s to avoid page turns in quiet moments or frequent page turns for scores with several verses or repeats.

To avoid blank front pages on such scores we provide optional cover pages, free of charge.

Just print the cover page and the first page of the score on opposite sides of the same sheet of paper.

Then, when printed copies are in a pile, people can easily see what they are.

use on screen, on paper or both

Every score bought from us includes two copy licences:

a licence for one person to display it on one nonpublic screen at a time;

and a licence for one paper copy to be made for use by the same person.

You don’t need to pay any more for the legal right to print a paper copy of your score.

So if you later decide to use your score on a screen instead of on paper, you don’t need to destroy your paper copy.

And if you don’t need a printed copy you may use it on two nonpublic screens at the same time.

If you buy a sufficient quantity for other people to use, eg in a choir, then each of those people may also print and keep a paper copy and use the score file on a screen, or use it on two nonpublic screens simultaneously.

See storing, screens and sharing for our thoughts on using your score file on multiple screens.

A copy licence is not a licence to perform, record or make an arrangement of the contents.

copy licences

You must have copy licences for:

all the copies of your score that may be simultaneously displayed on screens, for use of their copyright content, by you and any other people;

and all the copies of your score that exist on paper or other physical surface.

Generic copy licences are available to some organisations to permit them to make multiple copies of some copyright materials, including those bought on paper, without needing to buy specific copy licences. Local copyright organisations can advise on this.

If you need to send one of our scores to someone for evaluation then send a free sample or a link to the relevant page or file on our website.

whichever paper size

Our copy licences apply interchangeably to score files in the two paper sizes that we sell.

If you have bought A4 score files of an item but need to use it in Letter size, just buy a Letter size version of the same file and apply the licences for that and the A4 ones to the Letter copies that you need.

never print an A4 score on Letter paper

If you do, you will cut off the essential licensee stamp at the bottom, making your copy illegal.

Buy the Letter version. It’s laid out to fit properly.

If you must print an A4 score on Letter paper, make sure you scale the contents to fit.

transferring copy licences

Transferring copy licences is easy.

Proving that it was done may be harder.

Decide the licence holder (and which email address to use) before purchase.

replacing a damaged paper copy

Just destroy the damaged copy and print a replacement.

replacing a lost paper copy

If you are certain that the copy is irretrievably lost then just print a replacement.

If the lost copy is found again destroy one of them.

(Or buy another of the same score file.)

what can happen to lost paper copies

The buyer stamp shows your name and email address, or those of a group or organisation you bought the copies for.

So, anyone who finds a lost copy may do the decent thing by making contact to return it.

But If someone finds it and illegally copies and uses it then those details will be on all those illegal copies.

Apart from identifying the buyer of the score that was used to make the illegal copies, those details could then be abused.

And nothing in the copies identifies the thief.

Ensure that people are careful with copies of copyright material in their care.

using a copy with no licensee stamp at the bottom?

It’s an illegal copy.

You and the person or group who gave it to you are in breach of copyright.

That can mean fines, and worse.

Do the right thing. Report it to us.

monitoring numbers of copies

We don’t monitor the numbers of copies that people make of our scores.

We couldn’t, even if we tried.

But we have some safeguards.

Every score that we sell has a stamp in it showing the buyer’s or licensee’s name and email address.

Anyone using a copy of one of our scores with no identifying stamp is doing so illegally.

Anyone using a copy of one of our scores with a stamp identifying someone else as the buyer, but who does not have permission from the buyer, is doing so illegally.

Anyone using one of our sample scores for any purpose other than evaluation is doing so illegally. All our sample scores are watermarked for that reason.

Like all music publishers, we rely principally on other people to be decent, do the right thing with our scores and the copyright content in them and notify us and the relevant authorities of any breach of copyright.

All people in groups who use our scores should know how many copy licences have been bought for them.

excerpts for discussion or review

Your local copyright law will tell you how much may fairly be copied for discussion or review.

For group discussion, if you have bought a copy of one of our scores then you automatically have a licence to display it on a large (nonpublic) screen.

When using a music or text excerpt from this website for such a purpose you must credit any relevant composer and author and our website address as your source.

That’s not just so we get free promotion – it’s so others can check your reference for themselves.


Teaching is more than simply discussion or review.

If you would like to use any part of one of our scores in teaching, for example on screen in front of a class, you must buy it.

If you need to distribute copies of it to your students then you or they will need to buy the extra scores.

See our Guide section on sharing files.

displaying in public

Contact us if you would like to publicly display any copyright material that we sell.

storing, screens and sharing

© Laurie Williams Music, Adelaide, South Australia, 2014, 2015